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"Gadaba men dress like other hill people, bet the women

of the tribe have perhaps the most extraordinary  garb  of any in

this presidency.   Round their waists they tie a fringed,   narrow

cloth, woven by themselves oa the most primitive loom imaginable,

of which the warp Is the hand  spoil fibre of dlffereat jungle shrubs

and the woof Is cotton, dyed   ai home with Indigo and morinda

citrifolia, and arranged in strips of red, blue and white; either over

or under this they wear a bustle made of some forty strands of

stout black cord woven from other bhrubs and  lied together at the

ends; on their right forearais, from waist to  elbow, 'are a number

of brass bracelets; over their foreheads is fixed a chaplet of cowsrie

shells, the white seeds of the Kiisa gras*a  or the red and Mack

berries of the arbus precatorius; and la their ears are   eEormous

coils of thick brass wire (one specimen wis eight  Indies across and

contained tweaty strands) which haag down on thsir sloiikiers and

In extreme cases prevent them fom turning  their heads  except

slowly and with care.   The above are the essentials of the costume,

the details differ in differeat places.   The bustle is accounted for

by the following tradition.    A gDiiess \iskai a  Gidaba village

incognito and asked leave of one of the  womsn  i J  rest on a cot.

She was brusquely told that the proper seat  for beggars was the

floor; and she consequently decreed that  thenceforth all Gadaba

women should wear a bustle to remind them to avoid churlishness"



The traditional dress and ornaments described above were

in vogue until thirty   years   ago.    Gadaba  women,   with   their



strikingly colourful dresss bustte. large ear rings aad nesk -rings,

were a common sight to see ia the markets of Salur and Parvathi-



param towns. But ail this has changed. With a dramatic

suddenness, the Gadibas have abandoned their traditional costume.

At present, from Jeyp?re ia orissa to Srungavarapukota in



Visakhapataaoa district, there is not a single Gadaba women who

wears the traditional dress aad ornaments,



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